Robots are coming like clouds. It is inevitable to fight. However, what kind of fight they will face in the end should lead to more attention and thinking.
According to media reports, Standard Chartered Bank this year7In the statement "China, ASEAN and Vision" published in January, the Pearl River Delta region was consulted.200Many company producers, who estimate that even pay increases will or will reach7.2%。 In this context, there are not a few companies that expect to replace workers with more robots.
It is also in such a large context that our country's robotic shopping malls are showing a rapid development format. According to the World Federation of Robots(IFR)this year2Statements issued in January,2010Year to2016In 1998, the number of industrial robotic shopping malls in China increased.5More than doubled.2013From now on, China has become the world's largest industrial robot shopping mall for four consecutive years. China's share of the global shopping mall has also changed from2013Year1/5Upgrade to the nearest of last year1/3。 The rapid development of robotic shopping malls not only brings opportunities for economic and social development, but also puts forward challenges for economic and social development. Especially in response to the war, it is necessary to lead to a high degree of attention and vigilance.
It is necessary to pay attention to the challenge of robotics industry itself. Although the robotics industry is not long in its infancy, it is only a few years since it entered the stage of rapid development. However, just as many emerging industries will encounter the same questions in the process of development, the development of robotics industry in China will inevitably encounter.“Predecessors”At present, we have met some doubts. In the meantime, blind development, excessive development, low-end development and disorderly development are one of the most important questions that the robot industry needs to prevent.
In fact, the same is true. In the previous development, emerging industries such as photovoltaic, wind power, new energy cars have all been confused in this respect. Especially photovoltaic and wind power, nowadays, they can not digest the questions left by blind development, over-development, low-end development and disorderly development, and can not solve the contradiction of how to make these occupational health development. From the current situation, the robot industry seems to have fallen into a blind, disorderly, low-end routine. Conditional and unconditional companies are producing robots and investing in the robot industry. Local governments, in particular, regard the robotics industry as the fundamental means of industrial transformation, and introduce various preferential policies to introduce robotics companies. Relevant companies take full advantage of this opportunity to make a variety of requests to local governments.
Let's say that whether local governments or companies focus on the robotics industry, there is no doubt about it. The key is that we should not follow the old road of blind development, disorderly development and low-end development, but follow the economic law, pay attention to the rules of the market and pay attention to the starting point of development. If the starting point is too low, it may appear that many companies in photovoltaic, wind power and other fields will be screened when they put into operation. Undoubtedly, this is the biggest challenge to the robotics industry, and it is also a question that local governments and companies need to carefully study and think about.
The response to the company's recommendations is another question that needs to be considered and focused. Robots are attracting increasing attention from manufacturing companies, many of which have come up with the idea of replacing existing workers with robots. However, whether this idea can be turned into reality, whether it can become the main means of improving labor productivity, management level and efficiency, can not be confused.
Obviously, the cost and benefit of investment is the key to the company's use of robots. Although the use of robots can save a lot of labor costs, it can also greatly reduce the impact of human factors on management. Nevertheless, don't forget that one-time investment will be greatly increased, which is a big challenge for most companies. On the one hand, it is necessary for the company to carefully analyze whether it has satisfactory economic strength and whether it can purchase many robots. In a situation where most companies are struggling with capital, this has clearly become a short board.;On the other hand, whether the quality of robots can satisfy the company's needs and how many cheap and good robots there are are are now unknown. For most companies, buying good and cheap robots is their main policy. In the case of uneven robotic industry and mixed eyes in robotic shopping malls, it may not be easy to buy cheap and good robots. Buy well, invest too much, buy normally, the danger is too big. It's really a big challenge for companies that use robots. In the future, whether robots can completely replace manual labor, how much maintenance costs, how long life, and so on, is also a question that needs careful consideration and analysis. Robots are not only opportunities, but also challenges for production companies. To a certain extent, the chance to fight is greater than the opportunity.
It is undoubtedly the most controversial and worrying question for the vast number of employees and for the operations. Most people think that the rapid development of robotics industry and the rapid formation of shopping malls will have a severe impact on the company's employees, and will have a severe impact on residents'work. If it does not lead to a high degree of attention, it will cause a lot of social opposition.
Actually, it is the same. At present, the situation in the operation market is not satisfactory. This year alone, there is a situation in the operation market.800Wan University Graduates Demand Organization. In the next few years, there will be a large number of people who need to organize operations every year. If the company uses robots more widely, the pressure on the work will be greater. It is important to note that this is only a hypothesis, which assumes that the robotic shopping mall has always insisted on the momentum of rapid development. In reality, it may not be as terrible as fantasy. In particular, small and medium-sized companies, it is not possible to implement robots.
This also means that robots are a new challenge for workers and jobs, but this does not mean that there is no ability to respond to the challenge, no, no ability to resolve the opposition brought about by the rapid development of the robotic industry. In fact, from the basic format of operations, small and medium-sized companies are the main battlefield of operations, while the number of small and medium-sized companies can use robots is very small. Then, vigorously supporting and developing small and medium-sized companies is the most effective way to deal with the impact of robots. How to use more social capital, government capital and policy capital to develop and support small and medium-sized companies instead of indulging in the pleasure brought by large companies and projects is the development idea that governments at all levels need to establish from scratch.
In conclusion, the rapid development of robotics industry will bring forward many new challenges. However, we can still do a good job of coping with the war if we only treat it carefully and rationally.